Many readers have been asking for a glossary of the Hebrew and Yiddish words used in the book. While a glossary was added to the ebook versions of Outdated, you can check the word here or download the easy-to-reference version for your home or office.
aliyah: lit. elevating, refers to someone settling permanently in the Land of Israel Amidah: central part of prayer service Aron Kodesh: holy ark aufruf: bridegroom’s event the Shabbat before his wedding b’kitzur: in short b’vakasha: you’re welcome baal koreh: person who reads aloud from Torah during services baal teshuvah: let. Master of repentance, refers to a Jew who chooses to adopt more religious practice beis medrash: learning room bekeshes: long coats bracha: blessing (n) brit: covenant of circumcision chazzan: prayer service leader daf yomi: daily page of Talmud study davening: praying davka: exactly de’oraisa: from the Torah (Aramaic) eyin hora: evil eye frum: observant (Yiddish) Gemara: Talmud gut voch: good week (Yiddish) hachnasas kallah: lit. entering the bride, refers to any assistance in getting to marriage hamavdil bein kodesh l’hol: declaration that acknowledges G-d’s ability to distinguish between holy and mundane hashkafah: outlook hattan/ chosson: bridegroom havdalah: service that concludes Shabbat havrusa: learning partner hessed: kindness hupah: wedding canopy kallah: bride kashrus: kosher status kavod: honor kiddush: blessings over wine that ushers in holiness of Shabbat kippah: men’s head covering kol hakavod: lit. “all the honor,” good job! kol tuv: lit. may all be good, a sendoff l’haim: lit. “to life,” an intoxicating drink licht bentching: candle lighting (Yiddish) lo tsnua: it isn’t modest ma: what mashal: parable mashgiach: dean of a yeshiva matim: fitting (adj.) mezuman: quorum of at least three men to bless Grace after Meals mikveh: ritual bath milchig: dairy Mincha: afternoon prayer service minyan: prayer quorum mitzvos: commandments niggin: melodic tune oneg Shabbos: enjoyment of Shabbos peyos: sidelocks rebbetzin: wife of rabbi savta: grandmother Sefer Torah: Torah scroll seforim: books, particularly Hebrew books Shacharit/Shacharis: morning prayer service shadchan: matchmaker Shalom Aleichem: song sung when returning home from shul on Shabbat evening shalosh seudis: third meal of Shabbat shavua tov: good week (Hebrew) Shavuos: Holiday of Weeks Sherut-leumi: national service program for women in lieu of army service shidduch: arranged date shidduchim: matchmaking Shir Ha’ma’alos: introduction to the Grace after Meals shiur: lesson shomer negiah: abstaining from physical contact of men with women, and vice versa shteibel: small synagogue (Yiddish) shul: synagogue siddur: prayer book simcha: happiness, also refers to a happy event streimel: fox-fur hat tahara: ritual purity tefillin: phylacteries, worn primarily during Shacharit toda raba: thank you tzedakah: charity tznius: modest, reserved vort: lit. word (Yiddish), pre-wedding engagement party where bridegroom shares thoughts of Torah yartzheit: anniversary of death (Yiddish) yeshiva: Talmudic college yichud: forbidden seclusion yom tov: lit. holy day z’chut: merit zeidi: grandfather (Yiddish)